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Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors
  1. G D McKay1,
  2. P A Goldie1,
  3. W R Payne2,
  4. B W Oakes3
  1. 1School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2School of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
  3. 3Department of Anatomy, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to: Ms McKay, 339 Heidelberg Rd, Northcote, Victoria 3070, Australia alphsportsmed{at}preston.hotkey.net.au

Abstract

Objectives—To determine the rate of ankle injury and examine risk factors of ankle injuries in mainly recreational basketball players.

Methods—Injury observers sat courtside to determine the occurrence of ankle injuries in basketball. Ankle injured players and a group of non-injured basketball players completed a questionnaire.

Results—A total of 10 393 basketball participations were observed and 40 ankle injuries documented. A group of non-injured players formed the control group (n = 360). The rate of ankle injury was 3.85 per 1000 participations, with almost half (45.9%) missing one week or more of competition and the most common mechanism being landing (45%). Over half (56.8%) of the ankle injured basketball players did not seek professional treatment. Three risk factors for ankle injury were identified: (1) players with a history of ankle injury were almost five times more likely to sustain an ankle injury (odds ratio (OR) 4.94, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.95 to 12.48); (2) players wearing shoes with air cells in the heel were 4.3 times more likely to injure an ankle than those wearing shoes without air cells (OR 4.34, 95% CI 1.51 to 12.40); (3) players who did not stretch before the game were 2.6 times more likely to injure an ankle than players who did (OR 2.62, 95% CI 1.01 to 6.34). There was also a trend toward ankle tape decreasing the risk of ankle injury in players with a history of ankle injury (p = 0.06).

Conclusions—Ankle injuries occurred at a rate of 3.85 per 1000 participations. The three identified risk factors, and landing, should all be considered when preventive strategies for ankle injuries in basketball are being formulated.

  • basketball
  • ankle
  • injury
  • risk
  • prevention
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