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Whole body muscle hypertrophy from resistance training: distribution and total mass
  1. T Abe1,
  2. K Kojima1,
  3. C F Kearns2,
  4. H Yohena3,
  5. J Fukuda3
  1. 1Tokyo Metropolitan University, Exercise and Sport Science, Minami-Ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan
  2. 2Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, NJ 07033-1300, USA
  3. 3Fujisawa-Shonandai Hospital, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Abe
 Tokyo Metropolitan University, Exercise and Sport Science, Minami-Ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan; abebecomp.metro-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Objective: To examine the absolute and relative changes in skeletal muscle (SM) size using whole body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in response to heavy resistance training (RT).

Method: Three young men trained three days a week for 16 weeks.

Results: MRI measured total SM mass and fat free mass (FFM) had increased by 4.2 kg and 2.6 kg respectively after resistance training.

Conclusions: RT induces larger increases in SM mass than in FFM. RT induced muscle hypertrophy does not occur uniformly throughout each individual muscle or region of the body. Therefore the distribution of muscle hypertrophy and total SM mass are important for evaluating the effects of total body RT on muscle size.

  • muscle hypertrophy
  • resistance training
  • muscle distribution
  • CSA, cross sectional area
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • RT, resistance training
  • SM, skeletal muscle
  • FFM, fat free mass
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