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Strategies for prevention of soccer related injuries: a systematic review
  1. L Olsen1,
  2. A Scanlan1,
  3. M MacKay2,
  4. S Babul1,
  5. D Reid2,
  6. M Clark1,
  7. P Raina3
  1. 1University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
  2. 2Plan-it-Safe, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Canada
  3. 3Evidence-Based Practice Center, Department of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to:
 L Olsen
 University of British Columbia, BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit, L408, 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver V7L 2B3, Canada; lolsencw.bc.ca

Abstract

Objectives: To examine evidence on the effectiveness of current injury prevention strategies in soccer, determine the applicability of the evidence to children and youth, and make recommendations on policy, programming, and future research.

Methods: Standard systematic review methodology was modified and adopted for this review. Research questions and relevance criteria were developed a priori. Potentially relevant studies were located through electronic and hand searches. Articles were assessed for relevance and quality by two independent assessors, and the results of relevant articles were abstracted and synthesised.

Results: A total of 44 potentially relevant articles from electronic (n  =  37) and hand (n  =  7) searches yielded four that met inclusion criteria. These four studies addressed a range of intervention strategies and varied with respect to results and quality of evidence.

Conclusions: Some of the strategies look promising but lack adequate evaluation or require further research among younger players. Practice, policy, and research recommendations are provided as a result of the synthesis.

  • soccer
  • prevention
  • injury
  • children
  • youth
  • ACL, anterior cruciate ligament
  • RCT, randomised controlled trial
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