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Cardiovascular stress on an elite basketball referee during national competition
  1. A S Leicht
  1. Correspondence to:
 Anthony S Leicht
 James Cook University, Institute of Sport and Exercise Science, Angus Smith Drive, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia;


This case report examined the cardiovascular stress imposed on an experienced elite basketball referee during national competition. The average heart rate was similar for all matches, approximated 73% of maximum heart rate, and was experienced for most (>63%) of the match. Similar relative exercise intensity was demonstrated regardless of match play (men’s v women’s) and officiating type (two v three-referee). Further study is needed to document the physiological characteristics of elite basketball referees for greater performance.

  • HR, heart rate
  • basketball
  • cardiovascular system
  • heart rate
  • referee

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  • Conflict of interest: none declared.

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