There are two main hypotheses for the cause of exercise related osteoarthritis: wear and tear of the articular cartilage and muscle dysfunction. This is a review of the clinical literature to see which hypothesis has the greatest support. Clinical studies support the muscle dysfunction hypothesis over the wear and tear hypothesis.
- OA, osteoarthritis
- OR, odds ratios
- RR, relative risk
- HR, hazard ratio
- 95%CI, 95% confidence intervals
- ACL, anterior cruciate ligament
- Exp, exercise group
- Con, control group
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