Article Text

Download PDFPDF
From catastrophe to complexity: a novel model of integrative central neural regulation of effort and fatigue during exercise in humans: summary and conclusions
  1. T D Noakes,
  2. A St Clair Gibson,
  3. E V Lambert
  1. Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Newlands, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor Noakes
 University of Cape Town, Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Sports Science of South Africa, PO Box 115, Newlands 7725, South Africa;


It is hypothesised that physical activity is controlled by a central governor in the brain and that the human body functions as a complex system during exercise. Using feed forward control in response to afferent feedback from different physiological systems, the extent of skeletal muscle recruitment is controlled as part of a continuously altering pacing strategy, with the sensation of fatigue being the conscious interpretation of these homoeostatic, central governor control mechanisms.

  • complex systems
  • fatigue
  • neural recruitment
  • pacing strategies
  • teleoanticipation

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.