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Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket
  1. J W Orchard1,
  2. D Newman2,
  3. R Stretch3,
  4. W Frost4,
  5. A Mansingh5,
  6. A Leipus6
  1. 1University of Melbourne, Australia
  2. 2England & Wales Cricket Board
  3. 3UPE Academy of Sport, South Africa
  4. 4New Zealand Cricket High Performance Centre
  5. 5West Indies Cricket Board
  6. 6Indian Cricket team
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Orchard
 CHESM/School of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Victoria 2033, Australia;


Background: The varying methods of cricket injury surveillance have made direct comparison of published studies in this field impossible.

Methods: A consensus regarding definitions and methods to calculate injury rates in cricket was sought between researchers in this field. This was arrived at through a variety of face to face meetings, email communication, and draft reviews between researchers from six of the major cricket playing nations.

Results: It is recommended that a cricket injury is defined as any injury or other medical condition that either (a) prevents a player from being fully available for selection for a major match or (b) during a major match, causes a player to be unable to bat, bowl, or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team’s captain. Recommended definitions for injury incidence (for matches, training sessions, and seasons) and injury prevalence are also provided. It is proposed that match injury incidence is calculated using a denominator based on a standard time estimated for player exposure in matches, for the purposes of simplicity. This will allow all injury surveillance systems, including those with limited resources, to make calculations according to a standard definition.

Conclusion: The consensus statement presented provides a standard which, if followed, allows meaningful comparison of injury surveillance data from different countries and time periods, which will assist in the possible identification of risk factors for injury in cricket.

  • cricket
  • injury surveillance
  • consensus statement
  • injury definitions
  • incidence

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  • “Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket”, a collaboration between cricket authorities in Australia, the United Kingdom, South Africa, New Zealand, the West Indies, and India, is being published simultaneously in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, the British Journal of Sports Medicine, the South African Journal of Sports Medicine, and the New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine. The paper was concurrently reviewed and edited by the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport and the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

  • Author disclosures: all authors are either paid employees or consultants at the various cricket boards listed. The first author is the developer of the OSICS classification system, which is a freely available non-profit system.

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