Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Research approaches to describe the mechanisms of injuries in sport: limitations and possibilities
  1. T Krosshaug,
  2. T E Andersen,
  3. O-E O Olsen,
  4. G Myklebust,
  5. R Bahr
  1. Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education, Oslo, Norway
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor Bahr
 Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education, Oslo, Norway; roaldnih.no

Abstract

A number of different methodological approaches have been used to describe the inciting event for sports injuries. These include interviews of injured athletes, analysis of video recordings of actual injuries, clinical studies (clinical findings of joint damage are studied to understand the injury mechanism, mainly through plain radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, arthroscopy, and computed tomography scans), in vivo studies (ligament strain or forces are measured to understand ligament loading patterns), cadaver studies, mathematical modelling and simulation of injury situations, and measurement/estimation from “close to injury” situations. In rare cases, injuries have even occurred during biomechanical experiments. This review describes each research approach and assesses its strengths and weaknesses in contributing to the understanding and prevention of sports injuries.

  • BIAD, boot induced anterior drawer
  • ACL, anterior cruciate ligament
  • CT, computed tomography
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • anterior cruciate ligament
  • injury biomechanics
  • epidemiology
  • prevention
  • research methods
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: none declared

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.