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Physiological upper limits of ventricular cavity size in highly trained adolescent athletes
  1. J Makan,
  2. S Sharma,
  3. S Firoozi,
  4. G Whyte,
  5. P G Jackson,
  6. W J McKenna

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    To define physiological upper limits of left ventricular (LV) cavity size in trained adolescent athletes.


    Cross sectional echocardiographic study.


    British national sports training grounds and Olympic Medical Institute.


    900 elite adolescent athletes (77% boys) aged 15.7 (1.2) years participating in ball, racket, and endurance sports and 250 healthy …

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