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The following electronic only articles are published in conjunction with this issue of BJSM

Results of compartment decompression in chronic forearm compartment syndrome: six case presentations

H Zandi, S Bell

Background: There are few reports concerning chronic compartment syndrome producing symptoms in the forearm, although in the lower limb this is a well recognised condition.

The objective was to demonstrate that chronic compartment syndrome is a cause of exercise induced forearm pain and transient upper limb dysfunction and that forearm compartment decompression can reliably relieve the associated symptoms.

Methods: Six patients with a flexor compartment chronic compartment syndrome, documented by pressure studies, had forearm compartment decompression.

Results: All patients had good relief of their exercise associated forearm pain following the decompression.

Widening of the incisional scar was frequently reported.

Conclusion: Forearm compartment decompression is effective in relieving the symptoms related to chronic forearm compartment syndrome.

(Br J Sports Med 2005;39:e35)

Pseudo compartment syndrome of the calf in an athlete secondary to cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery

N Ni Mhuircheartaigh, E Kavanagh, M O’Donohoe, et al

We report a patient with calf pain induced by sport and exercise, initially thought to represent compartment syndrome, in whom MRI and duplex ultrasound ultimately revealed cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery.

Surgical de-roofing of the popliteal artery resulted in complete resolution of symptoms with return to sporting activities.

(Br J Sports Med 2005;39:e36)

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