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Pseudo compartment syndrome of the calf in an athlete secondary to cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery
  1. N Ni Mhuircheartaigh,
  2. E Kavanagh,
  3. M O’Donohoe,
  4. S Eustace
  1. Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to:
 N Ni Mhuircheartaigh
 Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, Ireland;


We report a patient with calf pain induced by sport and exercise, initially thought to represent compartment syndrome, in whom MRI and duplex ultrasound ultimately revealed cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery. Surgical de-roofing of the popliteal artery resulted in complete resolution of symptoms with return to sporting activities.

  • calf
  • cystic adventitial disease
  • pseudo compartment syndrome
  • popliteal artery

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  • Competing interests: none declared

  • The patient detailed in this case report consented to his details being published.

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