Objective: The crucial role of haemoglobin in endurance performance has been well documented. We examined whether polymorphisms in the HBB gene modified aerobic capacity.
Methods: 102 recruits were trained by running 5000 m three times per week for 18 weeks. Exercise intensity progressively increased from an initial heart rate corresponding to 95% of the individual baseline ventilatory threshold during the first 10 weeks to 105% during the last 8 weeks. The phenotypes measured were running economy and VO2max. Running economy was determined by measuring submaximal VO2 for 5 min at a constant running speed of 12 km·h−1 and VO2max was obtained during an incremental test to exhaustion. Genomic DNA was extracted from white cells of peripheral blood and the −551C/T, intron2,+16C/G and +340 A/T genotypes were examined relative to the TAA site variants by PCR-RFLP.
Results: Genotype distributions were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium at three loci. None of the running economy and VO2max-related traits were associated with the three polymorphisms or haplotypes at baseline, while the training response of running economy was associated with −551C/T and intron2,+16C/G polymorphisms. Subjects homozygous for intron2,+16C/C or −551C/C had decreased oxygen cost of running compared to the other individuals.
Discussion: It was concluded that the −551C/C or intron2,+16C/C genotype might explain part of the individual variation in the cardiorespiratory adaptation to endurance training.
- ATP, adenosine 5′-triphosphate
- LBM, lean body mass
- RER, respiratory exchange ratio
- TBM, total body mass
- UTR, untranslated region
- running economy
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Published Online First 21 September 2006
Competing interests: None declared.