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Unforced errors and error reduction in tennis
  1. H Brody
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor Brody
 Physics Department, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; brody{at}


Only at the highest level of tennis is the number of winners comparable to the number of unforced errors. As the average player loses many more points due to unforced errors than due to winners by an opponent, if the rate of unforced errors can be reduced, it should lead to an increase in points won. This article shows how players can improve their game by understanding and applying the laws of physics to reduce the number of unforced errors.

  • tennis
  • unforced errors

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  • Competing interests: none declared