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Effects of cold-water immersion of legs after training session on serum creatine kinase concentrations in rugby players
  1. Giuseppe Banfi1,
  2. Gianluca Melegati2,
  3. Pascal Valentini3
  1. 1IRCCS Galeazzi and University of Milan, Milano, Italy
  2. 2IRCCS Galeazzi and Italian Rugby Federation, Milano, Italy
  3. 3Italian Rugby Federation, Milano, Italy
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor G Banfi
 IRCCS Galeazzi and University of Milan, Milano 20161, Italy;giuseppebanfi{at}

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The use of methods other than passive recovery for improving recovery after intense training and competitions in sports is growing. In particular, in rugby, the use of cold water, possibly associated with active recovery (cycling), and the use of cold and hot water immersion are quite popular. In our experience, the perception of muscle soreness after heavy exercise in top-level rugby players decreases when cold-water immersion of legs is performed during recovery period, as also quantified by a semiquantitative scale.1

Gill and coworkers described the effectiveness of contrast water therapy (CWT) for improving the post-match recovery in elite rugby players.2

CWT was performed by immersion of the body to …

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  • Published Online First 26 January 2007

  • Competing interests: None declared.