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Causation of injuries in female football players in top-level tournaments
  1. P Tscholl1,
  2. D O’Riordan1,
  3. C W Fuller2,
  4. J Dvorak1,
  5. F Gutzwiller3,
  6. A Junge1
  1. 1FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Center (F-MARC), Zurich, Switzerland and Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
  2. 2Centre for Sports Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
  3. 3Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to:
 Philippe Tscholl
 Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, CH-8008 Zurich, Switzerland; philippe.tscholl{at}


Background: Analyses of tackle parameters in injury situations have provided valuable information regarding men’s football. However, there are no similar data for women’s football.

Objective: To categorise the tackle mechanisms leading to injury in elite women’s football.

Study design: Retrospective video analysis of injury situations.

Methods: Events associated with all reported injuries during six women’s top-level tournaments were analysed on video recordings for tackle parameters.

Results: More than half of all injuries were due to tackles from the side (52%, 103/200), whereas tackles from behind were much less commonly involved in injury situations (11%, 21/200). One-footed (65%, 130/200) and upper body (21%, 42/200) tackle actions were most common. Sliding-in tackles leading to injury were the least likely to be sanctioned by match referees. Tackling players (45%, 90/200) were almost as likely to be injured as the tackled player (55%).

Conclusion: The present study found differences between injury mechanisms in women’s football and previously published data on men’s football. Further research, especially using video analysis, is needed for a better understanding of risk situations in football.

  • video analysis
  • woman
  • football
  • tackling
  • injury report

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  • Competing interests: None.

  • Guest editors: Jiri Dvorak, Astrid Junge, Collin Fuller and Paul McCrory