Article Text

This article has a correction. Please see:

Download PDFPDF
Severe surfing-related ocular injuries: the Stanford Northern Californian experience
  1. C I Zoumalan1,
  2. M S Blumenkranz1,
  3. T J McCulley2,
  4. D M Moshfeghi1
  1. 1
    Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA
  2. 2
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  1. Dr D M Moshfeghi, Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University Medical Center, Room W3002, 900 Blake Wilbur Drive, Stanford, California, USA; darius.moshfeghi{at}


There is a growing body of literature describing severe surfing-related ocular injuries that result in permanent vision loss. We describe three severe surfing-related ocular injuries that occurred on beaches in northern California. One particular case stresses the need to tailor treatment to the patient and injury because of the possibility of good outcomes despite severe injury. Attention should also be directed towards commercially available safety gear and providing additional safety measures to prevent other orbital and ocular injuries.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Competing interests: None.

  • Patient consent: Obtained.