Article Text

Download PDFPDF
The reliability measurements of lateral scapular slide test at three different degrees of shoulder joint abduction
  1. A Shadmehr,
  2. H Bagheri,
  3. N N Ansari,
  4. H Sarafraz
  1. Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, University of Tehran (Medical Sciences), Tehran, Iran
  1. Correspondence to Dr Hossein Bagheri, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, University of Tehran (Medical Sciences), Piche-Shemiran, Enghelab Ave, Tehran 11489-65141, Iran; hbagheri{at}


Background Lateral scapular slide test (LSST) quantitatively measures the distance between thoracic spine (T7) and inferior angle of scapula.

Objective In this study, the intra-rater reliability, inter-rater reliability and diagnostic accuracy of LSST were measured using a caliper.

Methods Three measurements of each test position were obtained bilaterally. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (2.1), 95% CI and 2 SEMs were calculated for intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the absolute scapular distance. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios were determined.

Results 27 people with and 30 people without shoulder pain participated. The mean age (SD) for the participant was 47.7 (11.6) years and 33.5 (11.7) years, respectively. The ICCs for intra-rater reliability were high. A range of poor to good ICCs was found for inter-rater reliability. The 2 SEMs ranged from 4.6 to 7.9 mm for intra-rater reliability and from 6.8 to 13.4 mm for inter-rater reliability for people with shoulder pain. Positive and negative likelihood ratios from 0.94 to 1.22 and from 0.21 to 2.5, respectively, were demonstrated.

Conclusion SST did not show a consistent high reliability. The diagnostic accuracy of the LSST was low, which questions the clinical importance of the tests outcomes.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Competing interests None.