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Shoulder injuries in skeletally immature throwers: review and current thoughts
  1. James Leonard,
  2. Mark R Hutchinson
  1. University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor Mark R Hutchinson, Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 835 South Wolcott, 270 Medical Sciences Building, Chicago, IL 60612, USA; mhutch{at}


The incidence of shoulder injuries in the paediatric athletic population continues to increase with increased participation particularly in throwing and overhead sports. While soft tissue injuries can occur, the physis remains the weak link and site of injury in many cases. Injury prevention targets proper throwing mechanics and the avoidance of overuse injuries by monitoring the amount of training and number of throws these young athletes are exposed to.

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  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.

  • It is an honour to be part of this themed focus offering from BJSM which has brought together a who's who of contributors regarding shoulder issues in athletes. Accepted 5 October 2009