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Clinical tests in shoulder examination: how to perform them
  1. Maarten Hendrik Moen1,
  2. Robert-Jan de Vos2,
  3. Todd S Ellenbecker3,
  4. Adam Weir2
  1. 1University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  2. 2Medical Center Haaglanden, Leidschendam, The Netherlands
  3. 3Scottsdale Sports Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Mr Maarten Hendrik Moen, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, Utrecht 3584 CX, The Netherlands; m.moen{at}


Background This article describes the best clinical tests of shoulder function and injury as identified in a recent systematic review published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Discussion A description of the different tests is given, with photographs of the exact test procedure.

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.