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Given the evidence that lower limb sprains, dislocations and ligament ruptures are responsible for a significant proportion of sporting injuries, measures to prevent these injuries have received considerable research attention. Exercise programs aimed at improving balance, proprioception and neuromuscular function are often recommended to athletes for this purpose.
To synthesise the best available evidence to assess the effectiveness of proprioceptive/neuromuscular training in preventing sports injuries.
Searches and inclusion criteria
Five key biomedical databases were searched for appropriate studies published up to October 2008 and the reference lists of all included articles and relevant reviews screened by hand. Eligible studies had to compare injury incidence among athletes in a group that received proprioceptive/neuromuscular training to that among athletes in a control …
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