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Physical activity as medicine: time to translate evidence into clinical practice
  1. Mai-Lis Hellénius1,
  2. Carl Johan Sundberg2
  1. 1Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
  2. 2Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
  1. Correspondence to Mai-Lis Hellénius, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna 17176 Stockholm, Sweden; mai-lis.hellenius{at}

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Follow-up investigations of large cohorts of men and women in USA demonstrate that a low cardiorespiratory fitness constitutes the largest attributable fraction for all cause death.1 These findings are highly relevant for a majority of populations all over the world. Sedentary lifestyle is a dangerous modern health threat. Physical inactivity is linked to almost all common health problems including cardiovascular diseases, type II diabetes, obesity/overweight, cancer, dementia and depression. Furthermore, the great value of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of disease has been proven over recent years. Physical activity is essential for improved health as well as for longevity. The last decade has also provided strong data that counselling on physical activity in healthcare is effective. A systematic literature review concluded that …

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