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Validation of the VISA-A questionnaire for Turkish language: the VISA-A-Tr study
  1. Yunus Dogramaci1,
  2. Aydiner Kalaci1,
  3. Nigar Kücükkübaş2,
  4. Taceddin Inandı4,
  5. Erdinc Esen3,
  6. A Nedim Yanat1
  1. 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
  2. 2School of Physical Education and Sports, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatayy, Turkey
  3. 3Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
  4. 4Deptartment of Public Health, Medical Faculty, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to Professor Yunus Dogramacı, Deptartment of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University, 31100 Antakya, Hatay, Turkey; yunus_latif{at}


Objectives To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire for patients with Achilles tendinopathy.

Design Fifty-five patients with a diagnosis of Achilles tendinopathy and 55 healthy subjects were included in the study. VISA-A questionnaires were translated and culturally adapted into Turkish. The final Turkish version (VISA-A-Tr) was tested for reliability on healthy individuals and patients. Tests for internal consistency, validity and structure were performed on 55 patients.

Results The VISA-A-Tr showed good test–retest reliability (Pearson's r=0.99, p<0.001). The patients with Achilles tendinopathy had a significantly lower score (p<0.001) than the healthy individuals. The VISA-A-Tr score correlated significantly with the Stanish tendon grading system (Spearman's r=−0.86; p<0.001).

Conclusion The VISA-A-Tr is a valid and reliable tool for evaluating the severity of Achilles tendinopathy.

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Mustafa Kemal University,Ethical committee.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.