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Effects of resistance training in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis
  1. Zoe A Michaleff,
  2. Steven J Kamper
  1. The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Zoe Michaleff, The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; zmichaleff{at}

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There is emerging consensus that resistance training is safe and effective during all stages of childhood and adolescence. Little is known, however, about the influence of age and maturity on strength gains. In particular, it is not clear whether the onset of puberty, with its rapid increase in sex hormones corresponds to an increase in the response to strength training.


The authors aimed to synthesise the best available evidence to determine whether resistance training programmes are effective in children and adolescents as well as to examine the influence of age, maturity and programme parameters on strength gains.

Searches and inclusion criteria

Six biomedical databases were searched from …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.