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Surgical versus conservative treatment for acute ankle sprains
  1. Steven J Kamper1,2,
  2. Sanneke JM Grootjans1
  1. 1Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia
  2. 2EMGO+Institute, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Steven J Kamper, Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, PO Box M201, Missenden Road, NSW 2050, Australia; skamper{at}

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Ankle inversion injuries are one of the most commonly treated musculoskeletal conditions in athletes and physically active people. These injuries, primarily sprains, usually involve damage to the lateral ankle ligaments and have a variety of treatment options.1 The most common forms of management are immobilisation, functional treatment and surgical treatment.


This Cochrane systematic review aimed to synthesise the best available evidence comparing surgical with conservative (immobilisation and/or functional treatment for acute injuries) of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle in adults.

Searches and inclusion criteria

The authors included randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs and quasi-RCTs) comparing surgical with conservative treatment. The search involved seven key biomedical databases and personal contact with researchers in the field, articles published up to January 2006 were included. Two …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.