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Scapular dyskinesis: practical applications
  1. Babette M Pluim
  1. Correspondence to Dr Babette M Pluim, Department of Sports Medicine, Royal Netherlands Lawn Tennis Association, Amersfoort 3800 BP, The Netherlands, b.pluim{at}

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Goran Ivanisevic had a career-limiting shoulder injury, Martin Verkerk took almost 2 years for his shoulder rehabilitation and Johan Santana is out for this season after re-injuring his shoulder. You are confronted with a tennis player presenting with pain when serving. Does your heart sink?

To address these problems, Dr Ben Kibler spearheaded the 2nd International Conference on the Scapula in Lexington, Kentucky in July 2012. You can read the consensus paper from this conference in the September issue of the BJSM 1; you can listen to podcasts with Dr Kibler on the BJSM website. What are the practical applications for clinicians working with overhead athletes?

The main focus of the conference was scapular dyskinesis—altered motion and positioning of the scapula.1 ,2 This condition is frequently found in athletes with shoulder injuries but can also be present in asymptomatic individuals. Its exact role in shoulder dysfunction is unknown. It is still unclear whether it is the cause or an effect of shoulder injuries (a compensatory mechanism for shoulder pathology).

Is it worth examining the patient for scapular dyskinesis?

The shoulder consensus group agreed that scapular dyskinesis is …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.