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The FIFA medical emergency bag and FIFA 11 steps to prevent sudden cardiac death: setting a global standard and promoting consistent football field emergency care
  1. Jiri Dvorak1,
  2. Efraim B Kramer2,
  3. Christian M Schmied3,
  4. Jonathan A Drezner4,
  5. David Zideman5,
  6. Jon Patricios2,6,
  7. Luis Correia7,
  8. André Pedrinelli8,
  9. Bert Mandelbaum9
  1. 1Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
  2. 2Divisions of Emergency Medicine and Sports Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  3. 3Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Centre, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  4. 4Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  5. 5Department of Anaesthetics, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
  6. 6Morningside Sports Medicine, Johannesburg and the Section of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
  7. 7Local Organising Committee, 2014 FIFA Football World Cup Brazil
  8. 8Department of Orthopedics, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil
  9. 9Santa Monica Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Group, Santa Monica, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor Jiri Dvorak, Schulthess Clinic, Lengghalde 2, Zurich 8008, Switzerland; jiri.dvorak{at}


Life-threatening medical emergencies are an infrequent but regular occurrence on the football field. Proper prevention strategies, emergency medical planning and timely access to emergency equipment are required to prevent catastrophic outcomes. In a continuing commitment to player safety during football, this paper presents the FIFA Medical Emergency Bag and FIFA 11 Steps to prevent sudden cardiac death. These recommendations are intended to create a global standard for emergency preparedness and the medical response to serious or catastrophic on-field injuries in football.

  • Cardiology prevention
  • Injury Prevention
  • Soccer

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