Objective To identify sport concussion knowledge base, practice patterns and current/preferred methods of Knowledge Transfer and Exchange (KTE) in two distinct populations of family physicians.
Design Cross-sectional study, using a survey design.
Setting Alberta, Canada (CAN); North/South Dakota, USA (US). Rural (64.4% US, 27.5% CAN; p=<0.001); walk-in/acute care (28.8% CAN, 12.9% US; p=0.008).
Participants Recruitment: CAN physicians by mail: 80/3154 responses (2.5%); US physicians: American Academy of Family Physicians database: 109/545 responses (20%).
Intervention/Instrument On-line survey questionnaire.
Outcome Measures Relative percentages diagnosing/treating concussions; comparison of management strategies (including return-to-play), and current/preferred KTE.
Results Etiologies: Sports/recreation (52.5% CAN); organised sports (76.5% US). Tools: Clinical examination (93.8% CAN, 88.1% US); Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT/SCAT2) (33.8% CAN, 26.7% US); balance testing (25.0% CAN, 26.7% US); concussion grading scales (26.7% US, 8.8% CAN, p=0.002); computerised neurocognitive testing (19.8% US, 1.3% CAN; p≤0.001); Standardised Assessment of Concussion (21.8% US, 7.5% CAN; p=0.008). Treatment: Physical rest (83.8% CAN, 75.5% US); cognitive rest (47.5% CAN, 28.4% US; p=0.008). Return-to-play: Clinical examination (89.1% US, 73.8% CAN; p=0.007); neurocognitive testing (29.7% US, 5.0% CAN; p≤0.001); guidelines (63.4% US, 23.8% CAN; p≤0.001). KTE sources: Colleagues (31.3% CAN, 8.8% US; p≤0.001), websites (27.5% CAN, 15.7% US; p=0.052); medical school (35.0% CAN, 12.7% US; p≤0.001). KTE Preferences: Continuing Medical Education (CME) courses (65.0% CAN, 37.3% US; p≤0.001), and online CME (47.5% Can, 29.4% US; p=0.012).
Conclusions Despite evolution of concussion diagnosis/management guidelines, significant knowledge gaps exist between evidence-based recommendations clinical practice patterns. This predicates enhanced and innovative CME initiatives for KTE.
Competing interests None.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.