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Rectus femoris muscle injuries in football: a clinically relevant review of mechanisms of injury, risk factors and preventive strategies
  1. Jurdan Mendiguchia1,
  2. Eduard Alentorn-Geli2,
  3. Fernando Idoate3,
  4. Gregory D Myer4,5,6,7
  1. 1Department of Physical Therapy, Zentrum Rehab and Performance Center, Barañain, Navarre, Spain
  2. 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital del Mar i l'Esperança, Parc de Salut MAR, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3Department of Radiology, Clinica San Miguel, Pamplona, Spain
  4. 4Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
  5. 5Departments of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
  6. 6Athletic Training Division, School of Allied Medical Professions, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  7. 7Departments of Athletic Training, Sports Orthopaedics, and Pediatric Science Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, Utah, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jurdan Mendiguchia, Department of Physical Therapy, Zentrum Rehab and Performance Center, Calle B Nave 23, Barañain, Navarre, Spain; jurdan24{at}


Quadriceps muscle strains frequently occur in sports that require repetitive kicking and sprinting, and are common in football in its different forms around the world. This paper is a review of aetiology, mechanism of injury and the natural history of rectus femoris injury. Investigating the mechanism and risk factors for rectus femoris muscle injury aims to allow the development of a framework for future initiatives to prevent quadriceps injury in football players.

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