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Republished research: Effect of exercise referral schemes in primary care on physical activity and improving health outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis
  1. T G Pavey1,
  2. A H Taylor2,
  3. K R Fox4,
  4. M Hillsdon2,
  5. N Anokye3,
  6. J L Campbell1,
  7. C Foster5,
  8. C Green1,
  9. T Moxham1,
  10. N Mutrie6,
  11. J Searle7,
  12. P Trueman3,
  13. R S Taylor1
  1. 1Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
  2. 2School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter
  3. 3Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
  4. 4Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
  5. 5Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  6. 6School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde, UK
  7. 7Fitness Industry Association, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to : T Pavey; toby.pavey{at}

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▸ This article is an abridged version of a paper that was published on Cite this article as: BMJ 2011;343:d6462


Study question Can exercise referral schemes improve health outcomes in individuals with or without pre-existing conditions?

Summary answer We found weak evidence of a short term increase in physical activity and reduction in levels of depression in sedentary individuals after participation in exercise referral schemes, compared with after usual care.

What is known and what this paper adds Exercise referral schemes are commonly used in primary care to promote physical activity. Evidence indicating a health benefit of these schemes is limited, so …

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  • This is a summary of a paper that was published on as BMJ 2011;343:d6462