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Ankle taping and bracing for proprioception
  1. Kasper W Janssen1,2,
  2. Steven J Kamper1,3
  1. 1Department of Public & Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Sports Medical Centre Jeroen Bosch Hospital, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, Noord-Brabant, the Netherlands
  3. 3Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Kasper W Janssen, Department of Public & Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam 1081 BT, Noord-Holland, The Netherlands; kasperjanssen{at}, kw.janssen{at}

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▸ Raymond J, Nicholson LL, Hiller CE, et al. The effect of ankle taping or bracing on proprioception in functional ankle instability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport 2012 online


Ankle injuries account for up to 20% of sports-related injuries,1 of these 33–73% are sprains, most commonly of the lateral ligament complex. This high incidence and the functional consequences ensure that patients with ankle sprains present frequently to sports medical practises. The serious consequences of a sprain include ongoing instability and recurrence,2 although it is unclear as to what physiological changes following the original injury predispose an individual to these consequences. One hypothesis is that proprioception, which refers to a group of sensations, including sense of movement, sense of joint position and sensations related to muscle force,3 is impaired following the first ankle sprain. Taping or a brace placed in direct contact with the skin is thought to improve proprioceptive acuity by stimulating cutaneous mechanoreceptors. Ankle taping or bracing is commonly used by those who have experienced an ankle sprain as a means of preventing further injury. Generally, tape and braces are hypothesised to reduce ankle sprain risk by providing mechanical support to the joint and also by improving proprioception.4 ,5


To determine whether ankle taping or bracing compared to no taping or bracing improves proprioception in people with a history of ankle sprain or functional ankle instability.

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  • Contributors KWJ selected the review. KWJ and SJK wrote the article and read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.