Article Text

Time for change: a roadmap to guide the implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code 2015
  1. Jiri Dvorak1,
  2. Norbert Baume2,
  3. Francesco Botré3,
  4. Julian Broséus4,
  5. Richard Budgett5,
  6. Walter O Frey6,
  7. Hans Geyer7,
  8. Peter Rex Harcourt8,
  9. Dave Ho9,
  10. David Howman10,
  11. Victor Isola11,
  12. Carsten Lundby12,
  13. François Marclay13,
  14. Annie Peytavin14,
  15. Andrew Pipe15,
  16. Yannis P Pitsiladis16,
  17. Christian Reichel17,
  18. Neil Robinson18,
  19. Grigory Rodchenkov19,
  20. Martial Saugy20,
  21. Souheil Sayegh21,
  22. Jordi Segura22,
  23. Mario Thevis23,
  24. Alan Vernec24,
  25. Marjolaine Viret25,26,
  26. Marc Vouillamoz27,
  27. Mario Zorzoli28
  1. 1FIFA/F-MARC FIFA-Strasse, Zurich, Switzerland
  2. 2Lausanne Anti-Doping Laboratory, Epalinges, Switzerland
  3. 3Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  4. 4School of Criminal Sciences, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  5. 5International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland
  6. 6International Floorball Federation, Helsinki, Finland
  7. 7WADA Accredited Laboratory, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany
  8. 8Department of Integrity, AFL, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  9. 9International Rugby Board, Dublin, Ireland
  10. 10World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), Montreal, Canada
  11. 11International Baseball Federation (IBAF), Lausanne, Switzerland
  12. 12ZIHP and Institute of Physiology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  13. 13CHUV, Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, Ch. des Croisettes22, Epalinges, Switzerland
  14. 14International Volleyball Federation (FIVB), Lausanne, Switzerland
  15. 15Federation International de Natation (FINA), Lausanne, Switzerland
  16. 16Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Glasgow, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, UK
  17. 17Anti-Doping Laboratory, SeibersdorfLabor, Seibersdorf, Austria
  18. 18CURML, LAD, Ch des Croisettes 22, Epalinges, Switzerland
  19. 19Antidoping Centre Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation
  20. 20CURML, LAD, Epalinges, Switzerland
  21. 21International Basketball Federation (FIBA), Geneva, Switzerland
  22. 22Bioanalysis Research Group, IMIM, Carrer Dr.Aiguader 88, Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  23. 23Institute of Biochemistry and Center for Preventive Doping Research, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany
  24. 24WADA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  25. 25Law—Sports Law II, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  26. 26Attorney-at-law—Rue Caroline46, Carouge, Geneva, Switzerland
  27. 27UEFA, Neuchatel, Switzerland
  28. 28Medical, UCI, Chemin de la Mêlée, Aigle, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to Professor Jiri Dvorak, FIFA/F-MARC FIFA-Strasse, Zurich 8048, Switzerland; jiri.dvorak{at}


A medical and scientific multidisciplinary consensus meeting was held from 29 to 30 November 2013 on Anti-Doping in Sport at the Home of FIFA in Zurich, Switzerland, to create a roadmap for the implementation of the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code. The consensus statement and accompanying papers set out the priorities for the antidoping community in research, science and medicine. The participants achieved consensus on a strategy for the implementation of the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code. Key components of this strategy include: (1) sport-specific risk assessment, (2) prevalence measurement, (3) sport-specific test distribution plans, (4) storage and reanalysis, (5) analytical challenges, (6) forensic intelligence, (7) psychological approach to optimise the most deterrent effect, (8) the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) and confounding factors, (9) data management system (Anti-Doping Administration & Management System (ADAMS), (10) education, (11) research needs and necessary advances, (12) inadvertent doping and (13) management and ethics: biological data. True implementation of the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code will depend largely on the ability to align thinking around these core concepts and strategies. FIFA, jointly with all other engaged International Federations of sports (Ifs), the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), are ideally placed to lead transformational change with the unwavering support of the wider antidoping community. The outcome of the consensus meeting was the creation of the ad hoc Working Group charged with the responsibility of moving this agenda forward.

  • Drug Control
  • Drug Use
  • Elite Performance
  • Medical Ethics

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Supplementary materials

  • Press Release

    This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content.

    Files in this Data Supplement: