Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Cardiac disorders, participation decisions and decision-making under legal uncertainty: a reply to Panhuyzen-Goedkoop and Smeets
  1. Ryan M Rodenberg
  1. The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ryan M Rodenberg, The Florida State University, 139 Chieftan Way, 1006 Tully, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4280, USA; rrodenberg{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Panhuyzen-Goedkoop and Smeets1 provide an important primer at the intersection of cardiac disorders, decision-making and legal risk in sports medicine. The authors accurately flag the relevant issues and offer concrete suggestions. The purpose of this reply is to elaborate on one of the authors’ key findings and qualify another point through a more textured discussion.

The twin concern of false positives and false negatives permeates the authors’ article. Such an emphasis is well placed. The concern is particularly vexing in the context of cardiac disorders. It was illustrated in the tragic death and legal aftermath involving National Basketball Association player Reggie Lewis, a widely covered event that was recently marked by its 20th anniversary. The past two decades have left a ‘sports law legacy’2—one that all physicians practising in this area should be aware of. …

View Full Text


  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.