Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Urinary incontinence in physically active women and female athletes
  1. Orly Goldstick1,
  2. Naama Constantini2
  1. 1Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology Clinic, Clalit Health Services, Haifa, Israel
  2. 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
  1. Correspondence to Dr Orly Goldstick, 4 Savion Street, Kiryat Tivon, 36531, Israel; goldorly{at}


A literature review was performed on the topic of urinary incontinence during physical activity and sports. This paper reviews the prevalence, risk factors, pathophysiology and treatment modalities of urinary incontinence in physically active women and female athletes. Urinary incontinence affects women of all ages, including top female athletes, but is often under-reported. The highest prevalence of urinary incontinence is reported in those participating in high impact sports. Pelvic floor muscle training is considered the first-line treatment, although more research is needed to determine optimal treatment protocols for exercising women and athletes. Trainers, coaches and other athletes’ caregivers should be educated and made aware of the need for proper urogynaecological assessment.

  • Exercise
  • Urology
  • Women in sport

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.