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The 3rd International Patellofemoral Research Retreat: An international expert consensus meeting to improve the scientific understanding and clinical management of patellofemoral pain
  1. Erik Witvrouw1,2,
  2. Kay Crossley3,
  3. Irene Davis4,
  4. Jenny McConnell5,
  5. Christopher M Powers6
  1. 1Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  2. 2Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
  3. 3School of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  4. 4Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  5. 5McConnell and Clements Physiotherapy, Mosman, New South Wales, Australia
  6. 6Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor Erik Witvrouw, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, 29222 Doha, Qatar; erik.witvrouw{at}

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Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common and often chronic musculoskeletal condition, affecting young and physically active adults. It is a particularly common diagnosis of patients seen at sports medicine practices, with the incidence rates varying from 2% to 30%.

Despite its high prevalence, the exact aetiology of PFP remains unclear, although evidence suggests a multifactorial origin. It is likely that the underlying cause of PFP is not the same for all patients. Because of the diverse origin of PFP, many rehabilitation programmes with various approaches have been proposed to treat this disorder. Several studies have demonstrated that physical therapy is effective in treating PFP; however, a high variation in …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.