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Some athletes are immature…skeletally
  1. Michael K Drew1,2,3,4
  1. 1Department of Physical Therapies, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia
  2. 2Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia
  3. 3Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University, Australia
  4. 4Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Michael K Drew, Department of Physical Therapies, Australian Institute of Sport, Australian Sports Commission, Leverrier Cr, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia; michael.drew{at}

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Older athlete age is a non-modifiable risk factor for groin pain in athletes; however, these studies are usually in adult populations. Underage athletes have been shown to pose approximately double the risk of adults in an Australian Rules football population.1 Developmental anatomy may be related to this increased risk, but this is still somewhat unknown. Maturation is related to age, gender, race and the environment,2 with injury rates increasing throughout the adolescent period.3 This indicates that the imposed environment's interplay with the developmental changes in puberty should be carefully monitored to reduce the risk of injury. Those who get …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.