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Minimum reporting standards for clinical research on groin pain in athletes
  1. Eamonn Delahunt1,2,
  2. Kristian Thorborg3,
  3. Karim M Khan4,
  4. Philip Robinson5,
  5. Per Hölmich3,4,
  6. Adam Weir4
  1. 1School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  2. 2Institute for Sport and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  3. 3Sports Orthopedic Research Center—Copenhagen (SORC-C), Arthroscopic Center Amager, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre, Denmark
  4. 4Aspetar Sports Groin Pain Center, Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  5. 5Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds Teaching Hospitals, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Eamonn Delahunt, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Health Sciences Center, Belfield, Dublin 04, Ireland; eamonn.delahunt{at}


Groin pain in athletes is a priority area for sports physiotherapy and sports medicine research. Heterogeneous studies with low methodological quality dominate research related to groin pain in athletes. Low-quality studies undermine the external validity of research findings and limit the ability to generalise findings to the target patient population. Minimum reporting standards for research on groin pain in athletes are overdue. We propose a set of minimum reporting standards based on best available evidence to be utilised in future research on groin pain in athletes. Minimum reporting standards are provided in relation to: (1) study methodology, (2) study participants and injury history, (3) clinical examination, (4) clinical assessment and (5) radiology. Adherence to these minimum reporting standards will strengthen the quality and transparency of research conducted on groin pain in athletes. This will allow an easier comparison of outcomes across studies in the future.

  • Groin
  • Research

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