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There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance. Socrates
The non-specific terms ‘shin splints’1 and ‘fresher's leg’2 are often used by athletes, trainers and doctors to describe leg pain in sport. Although the history and symptoms of the different underlying conditions have been recognised for a long time, clear definitions are still missing.
In 1966, the American Medical Association (AMA) published ‘The Standard Nomenclature of Athletic Injuries’3 which was elaborated by a subcommittee of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Sports. ‘Shin splints’ were defined as ‘Pain and discomfort in the leg from repetitive running on hard surfaces or forcible, excessive use of the foot’. However, the fact that different authors …
Contributors NP, NM and HL contributed to writing and editing the manuscript.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.