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Exercise-induced leg pain in sport
  1. Nat Padhiar1,2,3,
  2. Nikos Malliaropoulos1,2,4,5,6,
  3. Heinz Lohrer1,7,8
  1. 1 European SportsCare, London, UK
  2. 2 Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
  3. 3 London SportsCare, London Independent Hospital, London, UK
  4. 4 Sports and Exercise Medicine Clinic, Thessaloniki, Greece
  5. 5 National Track and Field Centre, Sports Medicine Clinic of S.E.G.A.S., Thessaloniki, Greece
  6. 6 Rheumatology Department, Sports Clinic, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK
  7. 7 Institute for Sports Medicine Frankfurt Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  8. 8 Department of Sport and Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nikos Malliaropoulos, G. Seferi 34, Thessaloniki 54250, Greece; contact{at}

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There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance. Socrates

The non-specific terms ‘shin splints’1 and ‘fresher's leg’2 are often used by athletes, trainers and doctors to describe leg pain in sport. Although the history and symptoms of the different underlying conditions have been recognised for a long time, clear definitions are still missing.

In 1966, the American Medical Association (AMA) published ‘The Standard Nomenclature of Athletic Injuries’3 which was elaborated by a subcommittee of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Sports. ‘Shin splints’ were defined as ‘Pain and discomfort in the leg from repetitive running on hard surfaces or forcible, excessive use of the foot’. However, the fact that different authors …

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  • Contributors NP, NM and HL contributed to writing and editing the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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