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Ultrasound evaluation of focal neuropathies in athletes: a clinically-focused review
  1. Evan Peck1,2,
  2. Jeffrey A Strakowski3,4,5
  1. 1Section of Sports Health, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA
  2. 2Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, USA
  3. 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  4. 4Associate Director of Medical Education, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  5. 5The McConnell Spine, Sport & Joint Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Evan Peck, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 525 Okeechobee Blvd Ste 1400, West Palm Beach, FL 33401, USA; pecke{at}


Focal neuropathies represent a rare but clinically important and potentially challenging aetiology of pain in athletes. Diagnostic ultrasound is commonly used in the evaluation of nerve entrapments, and has several advantages over other imaging modalities, including high resolution, portability, lack of ionising radiation, low cost, point-of-care access, ease of contralateral comparison and capability of Doppler and dynamic imaging techniques. In this review, we discuss the use of ultrasound for the evaluation of injuries to the brachial plexus including ‘stingers,’ suprascapular nerve, ulnar nerve, radial nerve, common fibular nerve, tibial nerve and interdigital nerves of the foot at selected common sites of entrapment.

  • Ultrasound
  • Neurology
  • Sport

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