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It is time to give concussion an operational definition: a 3-step process to diagnose (or rule out) concussion within 48 h of injury: World Rugby guideline

Authors

  • Martin Raftery World Rugby, Dublin, Ireland PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Simon Kemp Rugby Football Union, London, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Jon Patricios Sports Concussion South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa Faculty of Health Sciences, The Section of Sports Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa Faculty of Health Sciences, The Department of Emergency Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Michael Makdissi Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Austin Campus, Melbourne Brain Centre, Heidelberg, Australia Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University, Ballarat, Australia PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Philippe Decq Georges Charpak Human Biomecanics Institute, Arts et Métiers ParisTech René Diderot Paris 7 medical faculty Department of Neurosurgery, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Beaujon Hospital, Clichy, France French Rugby Federation Concussion Consultant PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Martin Raftery, World Rugby, World Rugby House 8–10 Pembroke Street Lower, Dublin 2, Ireland; martin.raftery{at}worldrugby.org
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Citation

Raftery M, Kemp S, Patricios J, et al
It is time to give concussion an operational definition: a 3-step process to diagnose (or rule out) concussion within 48 h of injury: World Rugby guideline

Publication history

  • Accepted February 19, 2016
  • First published March 3, 2016.
Online issue publication 
May 17, 2016

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