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The Copenhagen Consensus Conference 2016: children, youth, and physical activity in schools and during leisure time
  1. Jens Bangsbo1,
  2. Peter Krustrup1,2,
  3. Joan Duda3,
  4. Charles Hillman4,
  5. Lars Bo Andersen5,6,
  6. Maureen Weiss7,
  7. Craig A Williams8,
  8. Taru Lintunen9,
  9. Ken Green10,
  10. Peter Riis Hansen11,
  11. Patti-Jean Naylor12,
  12. Ingegerd Ericsson13,
  13. Glen Nielsen14,
  14. Karsten Froberg15,
  15. Anna Bugge15,
  16. Jesper Lundbye-Jensen1,
  17. Jasper Schipperijn15,
  18. Symeon Dagkas16,
  19. Sine Agergaard17,
  20. Jesper von Seelen18,
  21. Charlotte Østergaard19,
  22. Thomas Skovgaard15,
  23. Henrik Busch20,
  24. Anne-Marie Elbe1
  1. 1Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports (NEXS), University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  2. 2Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  3. 3School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  4. 4Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA
  5. 5Faculty of Teacher Education and Sport, Sogn and Fjordane University Colleage, Sogndal, Norway
  6. 6Department of Exercise Epidemiology, Center of Research in Childhood Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  7. 7Department of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
  8. 8Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  9. 9Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
  10. 10University of Chester, Chester, UK
  11. 11Department of Cardiology, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
  12. 12School of Exercise Science, Physical and Heal, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
  13. 13Sport Sciences, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden
  14. 14Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen N, Denmark
  15. 15Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  16. 16Health Sport and Biosciences, London, UK
  17. 17Department of Public Health, Section for Sports Science, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, Denmark
  18. 18Department for Research and Development, UC Syddanmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
  19. 19Institute of School and Learning, Metropolitan University College, Frederiksberg, Denmark
  20. 20Metropolitan University College, Copenhagen N, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to Professor Peter Krustrup, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2100-Ø, Denmark; pkrustrup{at}nexs.ku.dk

Abstract

From 4 to 7 April 2016, 24 researchers from 8 countries and from a variety of academic disciplines gathered in Snekkersten, Denmark, to reach evidence-based consensus about physical activity in children and youth, that is, individuals between 6 and 18 years. Physical activity is an overarching term that consists of many structured and unstructured forms within school and out-of-school-time contexts, including organised sport, physical education, outdoor recreation, motor skill development programmes, recess, and active transportation such as biking and walking. This consensus statement presents the accord on the effects of physical activity on children's and youth's fitness, health, cognitive functioning, engagement, motivation, psychological well-being and social inclusion, as well as presenting educational and physical activity implementation strategies. The consensus was obtained through an iterative process that began with presentation of the state-of-the art in each domain followed by plenary and group discussions. Ultimately, Consensus Conference participants reached agreement on the 21-item consensus statement.

  • Adolescent
  • Children
  • Health
  • Well-being
  • Physical activity

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