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International consensus statement on injury surveillance in cricket: a 2016 update
  1. John W Orchard1,2,
  2. Craig Ranson3,
  3. Benita Olivier4,
  4. Mandeep Dhillon5,
  5. Janine Gray6,7,
  6. Ben Langley8,
  7. Akshai Mansingh9,
  8. Isabel S Moore3,
  9. Ian Murphy10,
  10. Jon Patricios11,12,
  11. Thiagarajan Alwar13,
  12. Christopher J Clark14,
  13. Brett Harrop15,
  14. Hussain I Khan16,
  15. Alex Kountouris2,
  16. Mairi Macphail17,
  17. Stephen Mount18,
  18. Anesu Mupotaringa19,
  19. David Newman8,
  20. Kieran O'Reilly20,
  21. Nicholas Peirce8,21,
  22. Sohail Saleem16,
  23. Dayle Shackel10,
  24. Richard Stretch22,
  25. Caroline F Finch23
  1. 1School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  2. 2Cricket Australia, National Cricket Centre, Brisbane, Australia
  3. 3Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, Wales, UK
  4. 4Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa
  5. 5Department of Orthopaedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
  6. 6Cricket South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa
  7. 7Exercise Science Camp, Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  8. 8England and Wales Cricket Board, National Cricket Performance Centre, Loughborough, UK
  9. 9Sports Medicine, University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
  10. 10New Zealand Cricket, High Performance Centre, Lincoln, New Zealand
  11. 11Section of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Johannesburg, South Africa
  12. 12Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  13. 13Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  14. 14West Indies Cricket, St John's, Antigua and Barbuda
  15. 15Bangladesh Cricket Board, Sher-e- Bangla National Cricket Stadium, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  16. 16Sports Medicine Department, National Cricket Academy, Pakistan Cricket Board, Lahore, Pakistan
  17. 17National Cricket Academy, Cricket Scotland, Edinburgh, UK
  18. 18Sri Lanka Cricket, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  19. 19Zimbabwe Cricket, Harare, Zimbabwe
  20. 20Cricket Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
  21. 21Nottingham University Hospitals Trust, Centre for Sports Medicine, Nottingham, UK
  22. 22Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  23. 23Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention, Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr John Orchard, Sports Medicine at Sydney University, Cnr Western Ave & Physics Rd, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; johnworchard{at}


Cricket was the first sport to publish recommended methods for injury surveillance in 2005. Since then, there have been changes to the nature of both cricket and injury surveillance. Researchers representing the major cricket playing nations met to propose changes to the previous recommendations, with an agreed voting block of 14. It was decided that 10 of 14 votes (70%) were required to add a new definition element and 11 of 14 (80%) were required to amend a previous definition. In addition to the previously agreed ‘Match time-loss’ injury, definitions of ‘General time-loss’, ‘Medical presentation’, ‘Player-reported’ and ‘Imaging-abnormality’ injuries are now provided. Further, new injury incidence units of match injuries per 1000 player days, and annual injuries per 100 players per year are recommended. There was a shift towards recommending a greater number of possible definitions, due to differing contexts and foci of cricket research (eg, professional vs amateur; injury surveillance systems vs specific injury category studies). It is recommended that researchers use and report as many of the definitions as possible to assist both comparisons between studies within cricket and with those from other sports.

  • Cricket
  • Consensus statement
  • Epidemiology
  • Surveillance

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