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Exercise and pregnancy in recreational and elite athletes: 2016 evidence summary from the IOC expert group meeting, Lausanne. Part 2—the effect of exercise on the fetus, labour and birth
  1. Kari Bø1,
  2. Raul Artal2,
  3. Ruben Barakat3,
  4. Wendy Brown4,
  5. Michael Dooley5,
  6. Kelly R Evenson6,7,
  7. Lene A H Haakstad8,
  8. Karin Larsen9,
  9. Bengt Kayser10,
  10. Tarja I Kinnunen11,
  11. Michelle F Mottola12,
  12. Ingrid Nygaard13,
  13. Mireille van Poppel14,
  14. Britt Stuge15,
  15. Gregory A L Davies16,
  16. IOC Medical Commission
  1. 1Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  2. 2Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Women's Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
  3. 3Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte—INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  4. 4Centre for Research on Exercise Physical Activity and Health, School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
  5. 5The Poundbury Clinic, King Edward VII Hospital London, Dorchester, UK
  6. 6Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
  7. 7Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
  8. 8Department of Sport Sciences, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  9. 9The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
  10. 10Faculty of Biology and Medicine, Institute of Sport Science, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  11. 11School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
  12. 12R. Samuel McLaughlin Foundation—Exercise and Pregnancy Lab, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
  13. 13Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
  14. 14Institute of Sport Science, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
  15. 15Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway
  16. 16Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Kari Bø, Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, P.O. Box 4014, Ullevål Stadion, Oslo 0806, Norway;{at}


This is Part 2 of 5 in the series of evidence statements from the IOC expert committee on exercise and pregnancy in recreational and elite athletes. Part 1 focused on the effects of training during pregnancy and on the management of common pregnancy-related symptoms experienced by athletes. In Part 2, we focus on maternal and fetal perinatal outcomes.

  • Exercise

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  • Contributors KB conceived the idea and consulted all the other authors in the development of the consensus meeting. All the authors prepared material and submitted it in advance of the inperson meeting in Lausanne. All the authors contributed materially to drafting the various versions of the document and approved the final version.

  • Funding IOC, 10.13039/501100003965, Internal Funds for Consensus Meetings.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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