Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Walking exercise for chronic musculoskeletal pain (PEDro synthesis)
  1. Crystian B Oliveira,
  2. Rafael Z Pinto,
  3. Marcia R Franco
  1. Departamento de Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP—Univ
  2.  Estadual Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil
  1. Correspondence to Marcia R Franco, Rua Roberto Simonsen, 305, FCT/UNESP, Campus de Presidente Prudente, Bairro Jardim das Rosas, Presidente Prudente CEP: 19060-900, São Paulo, Brazil; marciarfranco{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

This section features a recent systematic review that is indexed on PEDro, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database ( PEDro is a free, web-based database of evidence relevant to physiotherapy.

▸ O'Connor SR, Tully MA, Ryan B, et al. Walking exercise for chronic musculoskeletal pain: systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96:724–34.


Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is a major cause of morbidity.1 Aerobic exercise is recommended for people with CMP to reduce pain and increase functional status.2 ,3 Walking is associated with a low risk of musculoskeletal injury,4 is safe for previously sedentary individuals5 and improves cardiovascular comorbidities.6–8


The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of walking interventions on pain and self-reported function in adults with CMP.

Searches and inclusion criteria

Six databases were searched (MEDLINE, Cochrane, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Sport Discus and PEDro) using a combination of terms including ‘walking’, ‘aerobic exercise’, ‘musculoskeletal pain’, ‘low back pain’, ‘arthritis’ and ‘fibromyalgia’. Eligible …

View Full Text


  • Contributors CBO, RZP and MRF selected the systematic review, interpreted the data and wrote the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Linked Articles