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Patellofemoral pain
  1. Kay M Crossley1,
  2. Michael J Callaghan2,
  3. Robbart van Linschoten3
  1. 1School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic3086, Australia;
  2. 2Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Institute for Inflammation and Repair, University of Manchester, UK;
  3. 3Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  1. Correspondence to K M Crossley k.crossley{at}


Patellofemoral pain refers to pain behind or around the patella (also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome, anterior knee pain, runner's knee, and, formerly, chondromalacia patellae). Patellofemoral pain is common, accounting for 11-17% of all knee pain presentations to general practice.1 2 While it typically occurs in physically active people aged <40 years, it also affects people of all activity levels and ages.1 2 Patellofemoral pain can be diagnosed in the clinic, and evidence based treatments can reduce pain and improve function, allowing patients to maintain a physically active lifestyle.

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