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Young female handball players and sport specialisation: how do they cope with the transition from primary school into a secondary sport school?
  1. Elsa Kristiansen,
  2. Trine Stensrud
  1. Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  1. Correspondence to Dr Elsa Kristiansen, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, P.O. Box 4014, Ullevaal, Oslo, Norway; elsa{at}


Objective The aim of the present study was to examine how six young female handball players (aged 13–14 years) perceived the transition from primary school to a sport-specialised secondary school.

Methods Physical and physiological data as well as data from questionnaires were collected at baseline and after the first year at the sport school, and qualitative interviews were performed retrospectively after the first year at school.

Results Evidence of competition-related stressors, organisational stressors (sport and school balance) and personal stressors (social life and sport balance, lack of sleep and severe injuries) was found. Three girls developed long-lasting musculoskeletal injuries (>3 months out of ordinary training) and one experienced repeated short periods (≤2 weeks out of ordinary training) of injuries during the first year. Onset of menarche and a length growth between 6 and 8 cm during the first year were characteristic traits of the four injured girls.

Conclusions From our small study, it appears that young athletes attending a specialised secondary sport school experienced many stressors due to a significant increase in training volume, reduction in sleeping time and development of severe and long-lasting injuries. Hence, trainers at sport schools, club trainers and parents need to communicate and support them in order to prevent this.

  • Adolescent
  • Injuries
  • Exercise physiology
  • Physiology
  • Psychology

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Regional Medical and Health Research Ethics Committee and Norwegian Social Science Data Services.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.