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Motor control exercise for chronic non-specific low-back pain (PEDro synthesis)
  1. Cameron C New1,
  2. Jasan Dannaway2,
  3. Heather New3,
  4. Charles H New2
  1. 1 School of Physiotherapy, Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Sydney, Australia
  2. 2 Nepean Clinical School, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Penrith, Australia
  3. 3 Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jasan Dannaway, Sydney Medical School Nepean, PO Box 63, PenrithNew South Wales 2751, Australia; jdan9820{at}

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Saragiotto BT, Maher CG, Yamato TP, et al. Motor control exercise for chronic non-specific low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016;1: CD012004.


By definition, the origin of pain is unclear in patients with non-specific low-back pain (NSLBP), but possible sources of pain include the intervertebral discs, facet and sacroiliac joints. Globally, low back pain is by far the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorder (9.4%), and it accounts for almost half (49.6%) of the total disability burden when considering musculoskeletal disorders.1 A lack of coordination of the muscles that support the spine is one of the proposed mechanisms for the onset and/or persistence of NSLBP. Motor control exercises (MCEs), targeting activation and co-ordination training of deep trunk muscles are used in the management of NSLBP.


To evaluate the effectiveness of MCEs to improve pain, disability, function, quality of life and return to work in patients with chronic NSLBP.

Searches and inclusion criteria

Eight electronic databases and two trial registers …

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  • Contributors JD, CCN, HN and CHN selected the systematic review, interpreted the data and wrote the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.