Article Text

Download PDFPDF
  1. Stephen Boyce1,2,
  2. Michael McKenna1,
  3. Andrew White1,
  4. Oliver Davies1,
  5. Mark Dixon1,
  6. Niall Elliott1
  1. 1SportScotland Institute of Sport, Stirling, United Kingdom
  2. 2Scottish Football Association, Glasgow, United Kingdom


    Background Sleep has been found to have many recuperative and restorative effects on an athlete's recovery and preparation for a match. In international soccer it is common that players have to sleep in unfamiliar locations (e.g. hotel) prior to matches however little is known about the quality of sleep achieved in a hotel compared with at home.

    Objective To assess the quality of sleep in elite women's international soccer players prior to a domestic international fixture in comparison to sleep at home.

    Design Prospective observational study.

    Setting Scotland women's soccer national squad.

    Participants Elite women international soccer players.

    Interventions 21 female international soccer player's sleep quality was monitored in the weeks before and during four different domestic international camps with the use of a mobile application that was filled out each morning immediately after awakening.

    Main Outcome Measurements The sleep quality was assessed using a subjective 10-point scale with 1 being negative and 10 being positive. For differences in sleep quality, an independent t-test was used to compare means. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05.

    Results There was no significant difference when comparing sleep quality at home with that of in a hotel in the lead up to a women's home international soccer match (7.44±1.32 vs. 7.36±1.16, p=0.39).

    Conclusions The findings of the present study indicate that the subjective sleep quality of female soccer players is not reduced in a hotel prior to a domestic international match and is not compromising recovery and preparation for the match. Further research is required to determine whether this is the same for away international fixtures involving travel.

    • Injury

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.