Article Text

Download PDFPDF
  1. Maya Djerboua2,3,
  2. R Sran1,
  3. T Mitra2,
  4. K Russell5,
  5. K White6,
  6. C Goulet7,
  7. CA Emery2,3,
  8. BE Hagel2,3,4
  1. 1School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
  2. 2Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
  3. 3Departments of Paediatrics and Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
  4. 4Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
  5. 5Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
  6. 6WinSport Canada, Calgary, Canada
  7. 7Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education, Laval University, Québec, Canada


    Background Participating in school sanctioned skiing and snowboarding programs is a great way to encourage physical activity in youth. However, there is little evidence on the rates of ski and snowboard injuries in school programs. This information is important to inform guidelines on appropriate activities for school physical education programs.

    Objective To evaluate incidence of grade group-specific ski and snowboard-related injuries.

    Design Historical cohort study.

    Setting Ski and snowboard school programs hosted at a ski area in Southern Alberta, Canada.

    Participants Students partaking in skiing/snowboarding during the 2013–2014 season at a ski area in Southern Alberta (N=16260 visits).

    Assessment of Risk Factors Risk factors observed include grade (1–3, 4–6, 7–12), ability (self-rated skill level), sex, activity and socioeconomic status (SES).

    Main Outcome Measurements Injury rates and injury severity. Injury information was extracted from Accident Report Forms completed by the ski patrol. Severe injuries were defined as patient final destination listed as hospital. Rate denominator data were obtained from school enrolment forms.

    Results Forty of 107 (24%) injuries reported to the ski patrol were severe. Adolescents (grade 7–12) were found to have a higher crude rate of injury (91/10,000 visits) than children (grades 1–3: 25/10,000 visits; grades 4–6: 25/10,000 visits). When adjusted for other observed risk factors (sex, activity, ability and SES) no significant differences were found for rate of injury between the three grade groups (1–3, 4–6 and 7–12). No severe injuries were observed in the grade 1–3 group.

    Conclusions Results indicate that participants in the grade 1–3 group had the lowest crude and adjusted rate of injury and did not sustain any severe injuries. Respectively, the grade 7–12 group had the highest rate of crude injury, both overall and severe. These results will help inform ski and snowboard programs and safety guidelines for physical activity programs in schools.

    • Injury

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.