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  1. Katie Small1,
  2. Adam Smith1,
  3. Relph Nicola2
  1. 1University of Cumbria, Carlisle, United Kingdom
  2. 2University of Edgehill, Liverpool, United Kingdom


    Background Ultramarathon events are increasingly popular amongst non-elite athletes. However, there is little research investigating musculoskeletal injury rates, specifically multiday events using the same racing route.

    Objective To describe musculoskeletal injury rates in runners completing ten marathons over ten consecutive days.

    Design Observational.

    Setting Sports-injury clinic.

    Participants 27 athletes entered the study (age 45.1±7.47 yrs, mass 74.5±12.39 kg, years running 11.6±9.42 yrs, average weekly mileage 41.9±12.72 miles). 26 athletes completed all 10 marathons on a repeat, anti-clockwise, circular road course. One athlete withdrew due to serious injury.

    Main Outcome Measurements Musculoskeletal injuries were recorded by trained medical staff three times each day. An injury audit questionnaire was used to document injury rate, type and location. Injuries were defined as a specific musculoskeletal abnormality that the runner perceived to effect performance.

    Results 26 athletes sustained 108 injuries, averaging 4 injuries per athlete. 89% of injuries involved the lower extremity, 24.1% occurred in the foot, 18.5% the hip/buttock, 16.7% the ankle and 16.7% in the lower leg. The most common injuries were blisters (15.7%), Achilles tendinitis (11.1%), medial tibial stress syndrome (10.2%), iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) (9.3%) and low back pain (LBP) (9.3%). 64.3% of injuries were sustained to the left limb. Chi-squared analysis revealed more injuries in days 1–3 than days 4–6 (p=0.013) and days 7–10 (p=0.001).

    Conclusions Lower extremity injuries are highly likely in multiday marathon running; the most common being blisters, Achilles tendinitis, medial tibial stress syndrome, ITBS and LBP. Athletes entering these events should engage in appropriate injury prevention programmes. The majority of injuries were sustained to the left limb and during the first three days. Multiday marathon event organisers should consider alternating route direction to reduce injury risk; potentially the result of prolonged, altered gait biomechanics. However, further investigation of injury risk factors using larger sample sizes is required.

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