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AO Surgery Reference: a comprehensive guide for management of fractures
  1. Mithun Nambiar,
  2. Liam Richard West,
  3. Roger Bingham
  1. Correspondence to Dr Liam Richard West, Department of Orthopaedics, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3050, Australia; liamwestsem{at}

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Injury, fractures.


iOS (7.1 or later) and Android (2.1 or later).



About the app

AO Surgery Reference (AOSR) is produced by the AO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen) Foundation, which is an international organisation founded in Davos, Switzerland, that focuses on research and education regarding the management of orthopaedic injuries.

The app focuses on providing an overview of the management and follow-up protocols of fractures once they have been radiologically diagnosed, while also providing an overview of interim management strategies and potential complications following site-specific trauma. The interface allows the user to navigate by selecting the relevant body area, then selecting a diagnosis, based on the AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) classification of fractures1 with a pictorial depiction of the fracture pattern. The app allows the user to select for non-operative or operative management, also providing information about …

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  • Twitter Follow Liam West at @Liam_West

  • Contributors LRW, MN and RB all contributed to the initial drafts of the manuscript. LRW then finalised and submitted it.

  • Competing interests RB is an AO faculty member.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.